FBI's Attempt to Smear, Discredit MLK Highlighted in Newly Released Documents
Today, the FBI continues its attempt to create fear and paranoia surrounding racial justice movements.
A 1968 FBI document released last week further depicts the Bureau's obsession with tainting the reputation of slain civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
"Martin Luther King, Jr., A Current Analysis" came out with a public release of documents pertaining to the assassination of former President John F. Kennedy. The King analysis makes no mention of Kennedy but a stamp on the document says it was reviewed by the "FBI/JFK Task Force in 1994.
The document shows the FBI's obsession with exposing supposed ties between King and Communism, a well-documented attempt by the Bureau that has been discredited on numerous occasions. A portion of the analysis also aims to smear King's personal reputation, detailing alleged affairs and describing lewd sex acts committed by King. The paper even claims that King had a daughter with one of his mistresses.
Historian David Garrow rejected the document's assertions.
"The number one thing I've learned in 40 years of doing this, is just because you see it in a top-secret document, just because someone had said it to the FBI, doesn't mean it's all accurate," Garrow, who has conducted research and written about King's life, reported to The Washington Post.
In addition to the Communist Party being essentially irrelevant at this point in time, the FBI's continued surveillance of King failed to unearth ties between King and the political party. But the FBI remained "bizarrely preoccupied" with Communist influences in America, according to Garrow.
"The Communist Party, by 1968, is of no importance to anything," he said. "These incredibly exaggerated statements of communist influence are exactly what the FBI wants to hear."
The report is dated March 12, 1968; King was assassinated on April 4, 1968.
The FBI had fixated on King's relationship with Stanley David Levison, who worked with the Communist Party prior to working with King, and wiretapped conversations between the men — to no avail, according to Garrow.
"But day after day, they saw nothing in those wiretaps indicating that Levison was in any way representing the Communist Party or the Soviets, or was being manipulative with King," he said.
In a 2002 article Garrow wrote for The Atlantic, the historian notes that any information pertinent to the truth — that King was not in fact affiliated with the Communist Party — was not passed on by the FBI:
"The transcripts from the wiretaps on King and his advisers also answer a question that came to preoccupy President Lyndon Johnson just as it had the Kennedy brothers and J. Edgar Hoover: Was Martin Luther King Jr. any kind of Communist sympathizer? Of course not — but the FBI never passed along to Johnson or to anyone else what King said to Bayard Rustin one day in early May of 1965, when the SCLC was tussling with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee over a public statement proclaiming movement unity: 'There are things I wanted to say renouncing Communism in theory but they would not go along with it. We wanted to say that it was an alien philosophy contrary to us but they wouldn't go along with it.' Instead the FBI continued to distribute utterly misleading reports that declared just the opposite; as one newly released CIA summary from just a few weeks before King's death asserts, 'According to the FBI, Dr. King is regarded in Communist circles as 'a genuine Marxist-Leninist who is following the Marxist-Leninist line.''"
In the recently released document, much attention is paid to King's planned "Washington Spring Project." The FBI describes the plan as "reportedly being staged to pressure Congress into passing legislation favorable to the Negro."
The planned protest would include action from "black nationalist groups," according to the paper.
A section of the document also discusses King's alleged personal life. According to the report, gatherings of King and his associates included deviant sexual behavior.
Referring to two workshops that took place in Miami, the document claims: "One minister in attendance later expressed his disgust with the behind-the-scene drinking, fornication, and homosexuality that went on at the conference." The minister is not identified, nor is it noted where or when he "expressed his disgust."
"A variety of sex acts deviating from the normal were observed," according to the FBI. Again, no reference of who observed the behavior is made.
A portion of the document is also dedicated to "King's Mistress," with whom King allegedly fathered a daughter, according to "a very responsible Los Angeles individual in a position to know."
The individual is only identified as a "prominent Negro who is related by law to King's mistress."
"The child resembles King to a great degree and King contributes to the support of this weekend. He calls this woman every Wednesday and frequently meets her in various cities throughout the country," according to the FBI.
The FBI's close watch on King throughout his activism is reminiscent of the Bureau's close watch on groups today such as Black Lives Matter. An FBI report (obtained by Foreign Policy) was released in August titled "Black Identity Extremists Likely Motivated to Target Law Enforcement Officers." The report cites the Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, Mo., and the subsequent decision not to indict the officer who killed him as evidence that "Black Identity Extremists" (BIEs) are likely to target law enforcement.
"The FBI assesses it is very likely Black Identity Extremist (BIE) perceptions of police brutality against African Americans spurred an increase in premeditated, retaliatory lethal violence against law enforcement and will very likely serve as justification for such violence," according to the document.
Andrew Cohen, a fellow at the Brennan Center for Justice, drew these same parallels between the FBI's attempts to link communism to civil rights in the King-era and today's attempt to criminalize racial justice movements.
"The history of the FBI is the history of surveillance and intimidation of black Americans that frequently goes beyond legitimate law enforcement into paranoia, racism, and political expediency," Cohen wrote in October.
"This was true almost 50 years ago, when J. Edgar Hoover sent his loyal line officers into black communities to try to gin up evidence designed to convince one president after another that the civil rights movement was some sort of communist plot."
Citing the FBI document describing the so-called "BIE Movement," Cohen wrote:
"Except there is no 'BIE movement,' but in the fertile mind of those within the Trump administration who want you to believe there is some sinister black force out there bent on attacking police officers. No journalists or academics have discovered and chronicled such a movement or its leaders. No such leaders have come forward to say they are part of such a movement. No one has killed a cop in the name of such a movement. The only citations to the movement, the Foreign Policy piece tells us, come from internal law enforcement writings made over the past two months."
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In an election where corruption coated democracy, racism threatened freedom, and where Oprah Winfrey felt the need to take her billion-dollar self to the doors of voters, Stacey Abrams, the Georgia Democratic gubernatorial candidate, is making sure that every single voter's voice is heard.
Laws say otherwise as the community calls for justice for Botham Jean.
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Once the department is "assured, an administrative investigation will not impede on the criminal investigation, we will proceed," Hall said.
Justin Moore, a civil right's attorney, said that "Chief Hall might not have been well informed on the law."
There's a big problem when Rekognition matches civil rights leader Rep. John Lewis' photo with a mugshot.
Amazon's facial recognition program Rekognition remains under fire for racial bias following the American Civil Liberties Union's (ACLU) testing of the software, which could potentially be used by law enforcement to identify suspects.
A sermon on the civil rights movement and slavery in America and the soulful sounds of a gospel choir were important parts of the ceremony.
The marriage of American actress Meghan Markle and Britain's Prince Harry on Saturday was anything but the traditional royal protocol for a wedding at Windsor Castle in England. From a sermon by the first Black leader of the Episcopal Church in the United States to a soul-stirring gospel choir, it was clear that Markle is taking her African-American heritage with her as she begins a new life as one of Britain's royals.
Lynching Memorial and Museum Opening Highlights America's Racist Past, Parallels Today's Killings of African Americans
"We're dealing with police violence. We deal with these huge disparities in our criminal justice system. You know, if everything was wonderful you could ask the question, 'Why would you talk about the difficult past?' But everything is not wonderful."
Hundreds of people lined up in the rain to experience a long overdue piece of American history and honor the lives lost to lynching at the National Memorial for Peace and Justice and the Legacy Museum in Montgomery Alabama on Thursday.
The Equal Justice Initiative, sponsor of this project, has documented more than 4,000 "racial terror" lynchings in the United States between 1877 and 1950.
The first memorial honoring the victims includes sculptures and art depicting the terror Blacks faced; 800 six-foot steel, engraved monuments to symbolize the victims; writings and words of Toni Morrison and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.; and a final artwork by Hank Willis Thomas capturing the modern-day racial bias and violence embedded in the criminal justice system and law enforcement.
Among memorial visitors were civil right activist Rev. Jesse Jackson and film director Ava Duvernay. According to the Chicago Tribune, Jackson said it would help dispel the American silence on lynchings, highlighting that whites wouldn't talk about it because of shame and Blacks wouldn't talk about it because of fear. The "60 Minutes Overtime" on the memorial just three weeks earlier was reported by Oprah Winfrey, who stated during her viewing of the slavery sculpture, "This is searingly powerful." Duvernay, quoted by the Chicago Tribune, said: "This place has scratched a scab."
The Montgomery Downtown business association's President, Clay McInnis, who is white, offered his thoughts to NPR in reference to his own family connection to the history that included a grandfather who supported segregation and a friend who dismantled it. "How do you reconcile that on the third generation?" he asked. "You have conversations about it."
A place to start: The Montgomery Advertiser, the local newspaper, apologized for its racist history of coverage between the 1870s and 1950s by publishing the names of over 300 lynching victims on Thursday, the same day as the memorial opening. "Our Shame: the sins of our past laid bare for all to see. We were wrong," the paper wrote.
The innumerable killings of unarmed Black men and the robbing of Black families of fathers, mothers, and children today not only strongly resemble the history of lynchings, but also bring up the discomfort and visceral reactions that many have not reckoned with.
Bryan Stevenson, founder of the Equal Justice Initiative and the man who spearheaded this project, told NPR: "There's a lot of conflict. There's a lot of tension. We're dealing with police violence. We deal with these huge disparities in our criminal justice system. You know, if everything was wonderful you could ask the question, 'Why would you talk about the difficult past?' But everything is not wonderful."
WFSA, a local news station, interviewed a white man who had gone to see the Legacy Museum downtown, also part of the EJI project, located at the place of a former slave warehouse. He talked about how he was overwhelmed by the experience and that "Slavery is alive in a new way today."
Reactions on social media were reflective of the memorial's power and the work that is continuing toward progress.
If you sincerely believe in justice and dignity for all, make the pilgrimage to Montgomery, Alabama to experience the lynching memorial and legacy museum established today by Bryan Stevenson and his stellar team at #EJI. It will take your breath away, then breathe in new life. pic.twitter.com/hPio0BNiwD
— Ava DuVernay (@ava) April 26, 2018
I was so moved by #equaljusticeinitiative in #montgomery #alabama Congratulations to eji_org… https://t.co/4SdSl01xrS
— Meta Golding (@metagolding) April 26, 2018
Love that @ava pointed out that these same folks putting together this museum are the same folks doing legal work and 'lawyering'. #equaljusticeinitiative
— Zee_like_zorro (@Zjlord) April 26, 2018
During a launch event, the Peace and Justice Summit, Marian Wright Edelman, activist and founder of the Children's Defense Fund, urged the audience to continue their activism beyond the day's events on issues like ending child poverty and gun violence, according to the Chicago Tribune: "Don't come here and celebrate the museum ... when we're letting things happen on an even greater scale."
Perhaps the reason to honor and witness the horrific experiences of our ancestors is to seal in our minds the unacceptable killings of Blacks today, and the work we ALL have to do now to stop repeating the past.
Ignoramus Sarah Huckabee Sanders Attacks John Lewis for Not Attending Trump's White Minstrel Show Appearance at Civil Rights Museum
"It's laughable that the White House is criticizing John Lewis and Bennie Thompson for not attending the opening of a civil rights museum that honors the sacrifice of ... wait ... John Lewis, Bennie Thompson, and many others," Rep. Cedric Richmond fired back.
"He has created a commission to reinforce voter suppression, refused to denounce white supremacists, and overall, has created a racially hostile climate in this nation," said Derrick Johnson, NAACP president and CEO.
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