gun violence
A new study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania found that young people who had been shot had increased risks of post-traumatic stress disorder, unemployment and substance abuse. (Photo by: PopTika/Shutterstock)

Gun Violence Victims Face Increased Risk of Unemployment, PTSD, Substance Abuse: Study

A new study by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania found that young people who had experienced gun violence had increased risks of post-traumatic stress disorder, unemployment and substance abuse.

The study, published in the peer-reviewed medical journal JAMA Surgery, looked at 183 young adult patients with a median age of 27. All of them were survivors of gunshot wounds. The findings included:

  • 48.6% of patients had positive findings for probable PTSD
  • Unemployment in survivors increased by 14.3%
  • Substance abuse of alcohol or drugs increased by 13.2%

The researchers concluded that “survivors of gunshot wounds may benefit from early identification and the initiation of long-term, multidisciplinary longitudinal care to improve recovery.”

In order to conduct the study, the authors tracked down and surveyed 183 gunshot wound survivors who had been brought to the university’s trauma center in Philadelphia. Of those surveyed, 91.8% were Black and 92.3% were male.

Related Article: Suspect Brandon Ray Gonzales Arrested in Greenville, Texas Shooting

“When it comes to guns, we as a society and as researchers pay a lot of attention to deaths,” Michael Vella, lead author on the study, told the Washington Post. “That’s what the public outrage often focuses on. But what’s not captured are the people who survive. What we found is these patients are facing long-term physical and mental health problems that just don’t go away over time.”

The researchers told the Post that the next step of their study would be to develop better mechanisms to intervene in the lives of gun violence survivors and help them deal with PTSD and other mental and emotional issues that could lead to unemployment and substance abuse.

“These are patients we are routinely discharging from the emergency room and sending out into the world often with no follow-up or assessment of the long-term mental injuries they may be facing in the months that follow,” Vella said.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

Latest News

AIG’s Alessa Quane Honored on IBA Hot 100

This year, IBA Hot 100 honored Alessa Quane(Executive Vice President and Chief Risk Officer) for her leadership and notable contributions to the insurance industry. The annual list, now in its seventh year, fielded through hundreds of peer nominations before IBA’s editorial group honed in on the 100 industry leaders who…

Building More Diverse and Inclusive Workplaces

Originally published on info.kpmg.us by Candace Rivera. Over the past several years, corporate business resource groups – employee-led groups of volunteers who work together to strengthen inclusion and diversity – have evolved from networking groups to proactive enablers which support an organization’s business strategy and talent management agendas. It’s an…

Nielsen Welcomes Sandra Sims-Williams As Senior Vice President Of Diversity & Inclusion

Originally published on prnewswire.com. Nielsen (NYSE: NLSN) today announced that Sandra Sims-Williams will join the company as Senior Vice President of Diversity & Inclusion (D&I), beginning January, 2020. In this role, Ms. Sims-Williams will lead Nielsen’s D&I strategy and teams for both the Media and Connect sides of the business, through Nielsen’s transition…

Humana Announces New Care Coordination Services for Members with Kidney Disease

Originally posted on Humana.com Designed To Improve the Patient Experience and Health Outcomes, Services to be Available Initially in Four States Leading health and well-being company Humana Inc. (NYSE: HUM) Monogram Health and Somatus, Humana will offer care coordination to better diagnose and manage kidney disease toward improving members’ quality of life and…

Bayer to Significantly Step-up its Sustainability Efforts

Originally posted on Bayer.com 2030 target to be carbon neutral in own operations / Ambitious 2030 objectives for access to health and nutrition in low- and middle-income countries and underserved communities / Measurable sustainability targets to be incorporated into management compensation Bayer has announced a set of comprehensive sustainability measures…