SCREENGRAB VIA THE GLOBE AND MAIL'S YOUTUBE

A Test Used to Prove that Black and Brown Kids Were Less Intelligent For Decades Has Been Proven Wrong

The marshmallow test, initiated almost 60 years ago to prove less intelligence and potential between Indian and African children, was proven wrong by a new study.


The old test, executed by Stanford psychologist Walter Mischel, claimed children who were able to delay gratification and not eat a marshmallow were healthier, got higher SAT scores and earned higher income later on.

Now, New York University’s Tyler Watts and UC Irvine’s Greg Duncan and Hoanan Quan found that social and economic background impacted long-term success, not a child’s ability to use self-control when presented with a marshmallow.

Scientific racism is nothing new. It dates as far back as the 1600s, and includes studies that showed Blacks were a different species than whites. The bias overtime has translated to things like biased SATs, which have limited access to higher education and opportunity, while increasing generational poverty and widened the achievement gap, for people of color.

The new study’s findings showed that kids who ate the marshmallows did so out of necessity — not knowing whether they would have access to food later on. The results might also connect that poor parents give their kids treats to try to make life feel more bearable today, while wealthier families already have guaranteed resources for tomorrow.

The 2017 “Race for Results” report, by the Annie E. Casey Foundation, also shows that socio-economic backgrounds have a tremendous impact on children’s success:

“Many children of color are growing up in communities where unemployment and crime are higher; schools are poorer; access to capital, fresh produce, transit and health care is more limited; exposure to environmental toxins is greater; and family supports and services are fewer. These factors prevent children from accessing the network of institutions and resources that make prosperity possible.”

Perhaps this new NYU study will undo some of the inherent bias that persists about the learning potential and future success of children of color.

Latest News

What Friends Tell Friends: Choose Kaiser Permanente

Originally published on about.kaiserpermanente.org. Integrated, nonprofit health plan tops NICE Satmetrix customer experience benchmark study for 10th straight year. For the 10th year in a row, more people would recommend Kaiser Permanente to a friend or colleague than any other health plan in the nation, according to the recently released…

Cesar Conde

NBCUniversal Sets Ambitious 50% Diversity Goal for Women, People of Color

Cesar Conde, chairman at NBCUniversal News Group, announced a groundbreaking goal to have a 50% diverse workforce at NBCUniversal, according to Deadline. Conde, the first Latino in this role, outlined his plans in an internal video for employees on Wednesday. The ultimate goal is for NBCUniversal, No. 7 on DiversityInc’s 2020…

Mastercard Expands ShopOpenings.com to the U.S. & Canada, Delivering a Search Tool That Identifies What Stores Near You Are Open for Business

Originally published on mastercardcontentexchange.com. Search solution complements new Digital Acceleration for Small Business global initiative which helps small businesses advance digitally and drive online commerce As businesses seek to draw customers back both in store and online, Mastercard is introducing new tools to support them. Today, Mastercard announced the geographic…

TIAA Launches Programs to Raise Awareness of Racial Injustice and Support Communities in Need through the “Be The Change” Initiative

On June 30, TIAA announced new virtual programs designed to raise awareness of racial injustice and support communities in need as a part of the company’s recently launched “Be the Change” initiative. One is TIAA’s “Race Against Racism,” an effort in support of The Innocence Project which included more than…

Stop TB Partnership and Johnson & Johnson, with support from USAID and The Global Fund, Announce Price Reduction for SIRTURO® (bedaquiline) for Treatment of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Originally published on jnj.com. Joint efforts aim to accelerate scale-up of WHO-recommended all-oral treatment regimens – a transition urgently needed to help protect the health of people with drug resistant-tuberculosis who are particularly vulnerable during COVID-19 pandemic In 2020, the initiative aims to reach at least 125,000 patients and could…

Toyota, Alabama A&M and Huntsville Hospital Collaborate to Make COVID-19 Testing Easier

Originally published on pressroom.toyota.com. $100,000 grant provides free service to the community Alabama A & M University (AAMU), Huntsville Hospital and Toyota are developing a mobile health clinic initiative to provide free COVID-19 testing to underserved communities in Madison County. Launching later this year, the mobile medical clinic program has…

Sanofi and Regeneron Provide Update on Kevzara® (sarilumab) Phase 3 U.S. Trial in COVID-19 Patients

Originally published on sanofi.com. Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: REGN) today announced that the U.S. Phase 3 trial of Kevzara® (sarilumab) 400 mg in COVID-19 patients requiring mechanical ventilation did not meet its primary and key secondary endpoints when Kevzara was added to best supportive care compared to best supportive care alone (placebo)….