War Crimes & Oppression: Doing Business Where Human Rights Are the Issue (VIDEO)

At DiversityInc's global learning event, attorney Raymond Brown's thought-provoking talk on war crimes, inhumane policies and justice in developing nations struck an emotional chord with attendees. What are the impacts of doing business abroad? What must global corporate leaders do to maintain their values?

To get more insight from speakers at our event, click here

“The moral arc of the universe is long, but it bends toward justice,” says Raymond M. Brown, attorney and cofounder of the International Justice Project, speaking at DiversityInc’s two-day learning event. Brown and his wife, Wanda Akin, spent their life savings traveling to Darfur, setting up their nonprofit and fighting for social justice.

Brown’s firsthand accounts of the murderous atrocities in Sudan had many in the packed room of more than 150 corporate leaders in tears, but Sudan is not the only nation violating human rights. Whether it’s the proposed legislation criminalizing same-sex conduct in Uganda or gender inequities in Japan and China, human-rights injustices conflict with the strong corporate values embedded in The DiversityInc Top 50 Companies for Diversity—especially for organizations currently doing business globally.

DiversityInc’s global research in 12 countries was previewed at the event and an executive summary will be available soon on www.BestPractices.DiversityInc.com. For information on DiversityInc’s next event, click here.

How can global business operations deal with oppressive regimes or policies or corrupt governments? What are the legal ramifications?

Brown raised these and other thought-provoking questions while providing a historical backdrop. For example, a critical legal document created after World War II, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “articulated that there are some rights that belong to every member of our species that cannot be taken away,” said Brown. Companies, global or domestic, that violate basic human-rights laws risk damaging their brand.

Raised in a low-income Black neighborhood in Jersey City, N.J., during the civil-rights movement, Brown recalled the Woolworth sit-ins and the negative impact segregation had on that company’s brand.

These are issues, explained Brown, “that have to do with trust between business and customers. So the question of human rights is not just a question of justice but of being [actively involved] with respect to change. If you’re doing international business, you have to understand the nature of this issue. You can’t just sit down one day and say, ‘We’re going to do human rights.’ It’s got to be part of the very fabric of the company.”

“When I talk to clients about going overseas, I try to talk to them about the human-rights impact … the future,” he said.

For instance, if the pending anti-gay legislation passes in Uganda—which means it’s likely that it could be adopted by other African countries—and your company is anchored in that country, it faces the risk of a five-year penalty for just being aware of employing a gay or lesbian individual. “So doesn’t it make sense to develop an impact analysis now?” asked Brown. “It’s just good business sense.”

Brown works in the litigation department at Greenbaum & Rowe, is chair of its White Collar Defense & Corporate Compliance Practice Group and hosts the Emmy Award–winning New Jersey Network program “Due Process.” He previously taught International Criminal Law in the Seton Hall/American University Program in Cairo and at Seton Hall University’s School of Diplomacy and International Relations.




  • The quote referenced in the article by Gail Zappo and used by Mr. Raymond L. Brown was made by Dr. Martin Luther King and should be attributred to him.
    As the article currently reads it implies that it is an original statement.

  • Actually, the current thinking is that these words were first uttered in the 19th century by an abolitionist named Ted Parker. Both Dr. King and more recently President Obama (inter alia) have used and paraphrased this concept. I attributed it to Parker when I spoke last week.

  • In Southeast Asia, Taiwan also has a serious “war crimes” issue which underlies the functioning of the local government, Republic of China (ROC), at every level. After the close of fighting in WWII, the ROC military forces under Chiang Kai-shek were directed to go to Taiwan and accept the surrender of Japanese troops. The date of the Japanese surrender on the island, Oct. 25, 1945, of course marks the beginning of the military occupation. However, the ROC officials announced this as “Taiwan Retrocession Day.” Such an announcement, which shows a clear intent to make “annexation” of what is actually militarily occupied territory, is a war crime.

    Next, the ROC officials announced the mass naturalization of native Taiwanese persons as “ROC citizens” in Jan. 1946, but the mass naturalization of native persons in occupied territory is also a war crime. Then the ROC government began military conscription policies over the native Taiwanese populace in the late 1940s, before the post-war peace treaty had even been drafted, to commit a third war crime.

    In most fields of endeavor, “three strikes and you are out” is the rule, however the international community has not sought to punish the ROC for its flagrant misrule over the native Taiwanese people, with the result that the illegal ROC government continues to administer and control Taiwan up to the present day, all the while proclaiming itself to be a sovereign government.

    In fact, the ROC is only a subordinate occupying power (beginning Oct. 25, 1945) and government in exile (beginning Dec. 1949). The obvious question which must be raised is: As a American investor in Taiwan, is one allowed to tell the local government officials that “The ROC is not the legal government of Taiwan?” ??

    To what extent is it possible to get US Congressional officials involved in such clarifications? Perhaps Raymond M. Brown could discuss matters such as these in a follow up article.

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