Telephone interviews are an inexpensive and quick way for employers to screen prospective job candidates. Generally speaking, employers use phone interviews to verify that a candidate’s personal information, qualifications and skill sets in his/her curriculum vitae is correct, accurate and consistent with what employers may have learned about an applicant online. Another use of phone interviews is to determine whether or not a job candidate has the requisite oral communications skills required to perform the job that he/she applied for. Finally, and perhaps more nefariously, telephone interviews can allow employers to garner insight into a job candidate’s race, ethnicity or national origin (this can easily be discerned by accents, speech patterns and colloquial use of English) and immigration status.
In today’s tight job market, an outstanding command of the English language and permanent residency or U.S. citizenship are what many American employers prefer in permanent, full-time employees. However, this does not mean that well-qualified, non-native English speakers will not be invited to participate in a face-to-face job interview. To increase the possibility of a face-to-face, job candidates can do a variety of things to prepare for and optimize his/her performance during phone interviews.
1. Use a landline. You don’t want to risk having problems with cell-phone service. It is irritating for employers to conduct interviews if the call breaks up frequently or is dropped. If you don’t have a landline or access to one, make sure that the telephone interview is conducted in a location with as strong cell-phone service as possible.
2. Keep your résumé and job qualifications readily available. In fact, lay out all of your materials in front of you before the call. This includes your résumé, notes about your career objective and skill sets/qualifications for the job, and anything else you think may be helpful during the interview.
3. Steer clear of distractions. Find a quiet place to interview and stay there! There shouldn’t be any noise in the background to distract you or the hiring manager. However, it is understandable that this can be tricky if you have young children at home who need your attention. When you set up your interview appointment, try to schedule it for as precise a time or window as possible. That way, you are able to avoid possible distractions.
4. Speak slowly and clearly. When you speak to people in face-to-face situations, you are better able to understand what they are saying or asking because you can see their mouth move and observe their body language. Of course, neither you nor the interviewer will be able to do this over the phone. Therefore, it is important to speak clearly and more slowly than you would if you were talking face-to-face to him/her. If you cannot hear the interviewer, politely ask him/her to repeat a question. If this doesn’t work, blame the poor sound quality on your phone and say, “I’m really sorry, it’s hard to hear you and the volume on my phone just won’t go up!”
5. Beware of jokes or sarcastic remarks. Jokes or sarcastic remarks that may be deemed harmless in face-to-face conversations can be misinterpreted during a phone interview because an interviewer cannot see your body language or facial expressions when a comment is made. Also, an employee who is sarcastic or prone to joke telling may not be considered professional to some hiring managers. Therefore, it is a good idea during a phone interview to maintain your professionalism, stay on target with the interview topics, and focus on the key information about you that will get you hired.
6. No eating, drinking or chewing gum! While eating, drinking and chewing gum are typical things that people do, none of these activities should be performed during a phone interview. They can interfere with your ability to communicate and are considered unprofessional behavior (unless, of course, you are working through a lunchtime meeting after you are hired).
7. Turn off all electronic devices. The goal of a telephone interview is to let a prospective employer know that you are serious, focused and keenly interested in the job that you are interviewing for. There is nothing more annoying, disruptive or rude then hearing an email alert or vibrating phone during a conversation. If you want to get invited to a face-to-face interview, then turn off all electronic devices (tablets, laptops, televisions, etc.) before the telephone interview begins.
8. Prepare questions ahead of time. At the end of many telephone interviews, hiring managers typically ask whether or not you have any questions. Therefore, it is a good idea to have some. Asking questions signals to the interviewer that you did your “homework” about the company/organization and are seriously interested in the job opportunity. Some examples of questions are: “What is the start date for the job?” “What software/equipment will I be using?”
Remember, do not ask about salary or benefits. These questions are best left for face-to-face interviews. However, if the interviewer asks about salary requirements then you should be prepared to provide an answer. Typically, it is a good idea to provide a salary range; if you are reluctant to offer that information it is acceptable to say “a salary commensurate with persons with my qualifications and years of experience.”
While these recommendations cannot eliminate employer bias or job discrimination, using them to prepare for an upcoming telephone interview will signal to prospective employers you are professional, serious and extremely interested in the job opportunity. And, hopefully, your performance will be sufficient to garner an invitation to participate in a face-to-face, on-site job interview.
Cliff Mintz is a freelance writer and frequent speaker at career-development symposia and job fairs.